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linux下安装lucene

apache+tomcat整合 
http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cn/opensource/os-lo-apache-tomcat/index.html

 了解
KinoSearch
A Perl search engine library.
http://www.rectangular.com/kinosearch/
 

Plucene基于java lucene项目创建
安装方法:
perl -MCPAN -e “install Plucene”
perl -MCPAN -e “install Plucene::Simple”

Zend Framework
http://framework.zend.com/download

CLucene
CLucene是C++版的全文检索引擎,完全移植于Lucene,采用 STL 编写。有php扩展,对中文支持不是很好。
http://sourceforge.net/projects/clucene/

Lucene4c
The Lucene4c project is an implementation of the Lucene search engine in C, built on top of the Apache Portable Runtime.  
http://incubator.apache.org/lucene4c/

Nutch
Nutch 是一个开源Java 实现的搜索引擎。它提供了我们运行自己的搜索引擎所需的全部工具。包括全文搜索和Web爬虫。
http://lucene.apache.org/nutch
http://nutch.sourceforge.net/docs/en/about.html
===============================================

jdk6 http://www.java.net/download/jdk6/6u10/promoted/b24/binaries/jdk-6u10-beta-bin-b24-linux-i586-14_may_2008-rpm.bin
ant http://apache.mirror.phpchina.com/ant/binaries/apache-ant-1.7.0-bin.tar.gz
lucene http://apache.mirror.phpchina.com/lucene/java/lucene-2.3.2.tar.gz
javac https://javacc.dev.java.net/files/documents/17/26776/javacc-4.0.tar.gz
php-java bridge http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/php-java-bridge/php-java-bridge_5.2.2.tar.gz
tomcat http://apache.mirror.phpchina.com/tomcat/tomcat-6/v6.0.16/bin/apache-tomcat-6.0.16.tar.gz

使用tomcat可以跳过第六步

一 安装java环境
[[email protected] ~]# java -version
java version “1.4.2”
gcj (GCC) 3.4.3 20041212 (Red Hat 3.4.3-9.EL4)

[[email protected] ~]# rpm -qa |grep java
java-1.4.2-gcj-compat-1.4.2.0-26jpp
注:通常,您不必使用 RPM 卸载 JRE,因为 RPM 可以在您安装新版本时自动卸载旧版本的 JRE!除非您准备永久删除 JRE,否则请跳过本节内容。

[[email protected] ~]# rpm   -e   java-1.4.2-gcj-compat-1.4.2.0-26jpp

http://download.java.net/jdk6/
下载jdk包
[[email protected] ~]#wget –limit-rate=20000 http://www.java.net/download/jdk6/6u10/promoted/b24/binaries/jdk-6u10-beta-bin-b24-linux-i586-14_may_2008-rpm.bin
限制20k

[[email protected] ~]# chmod 755 jdk-6u10-beta-bin-b24-linux-i586-14_may_2008-rpm.bin\?e\=1212404509\&h\=a151b74ce54cda9cba81a7444944c0ba

[[email protected] ~]#./jdk-6u10-beta-bin-b24-linux-i586-14_may_2008-rpm.bin\?e\=1212404509\&h\=a151b74ce54cda9cba81a7444944c0ba
一路空格后健入yes

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/profile
set JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_10
export JAVA_HOME
set PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin
export PATH
set CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar
export CLASSPATH

bourne shell家族中赋值不用set,这个郁闷了我好久没找到变量无效的原因。
[[email protected] ~]# source /etc/profile 

用文本编辑器新建一个Test.java文件,在其中输入以下代码并保存:

    public class Test {
      public static void main(String args[]) {
        System.out.println(“A new jdk test !”);
      }
    }

编译:在shell终端执行命令 javac Test.java
如果出错可能是javac还没装,先接着下面安装javac后,再返回到这里测试。

运行:在shell终端执行命令 java Test

当shell下出现“A new jdk test !”字样则jdk运行正常。

二 安装ant
http://ant.apache.org/bindownload.cgi
ant是一个基于JAVA的自动化脚本引擎,脚本格式为XML。除了做JAVA编译相关任务外,ANT还可以通过插件实现很多应用的调用,比make脚本来说还要好维护一些。

[[email protected] ~]# wget http://apache.mirror.phpchina.com/ant/binaries/apache-ant-1.7.0-bin.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# tar zxvf apache-ant-1.7.0-bin.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# mv apache-ant-1.7.0 /usr/local/

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/profile

在JAVA_HOME前加上
ANT_HOME=/usr/local/apache-ant-1.7.0
export ANT_HOME
编辑
set PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin:$ANT_HOME/bin

[[email protected] ~]# source /etc/profile 

三 安装lucene
wget http://apache.mirror.phpchina.com/lucene/java/lucene-2.3.2.tar.gz
不是lucene-2.3.2-src.tar.gz哦,这个无lucene-demos-2.3.2.jar
[[email protected] ~]# tar zxvf lucene-2.3.2.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# mv lucene-2.3.2 /usr/local

四 安装javac
https://javacc.dev.java.net/files/documents/17/26776/javacc-4.0.tar.gz
[[email protected] ~]# wget https://javacc.dev.java.net/files/documents/17/26776/javacc-4.0.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# gunzip javacc-4.0.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# tar -xvf javacc-4.0.tar

[[email protected] ~]# mv javacc-4.0 /usr/local/

[[email protected] ~]# cd  /usr/local/lucene-2.3.2

[[email protected] ~]# echo javacc.home=/usr/local/javacc-4.0 > ~/build.properties

[[email protected] ~]# ant

五 测试lucene
再修改/etc/profile,在CLASSPATH前加上
LUCENE_HOME=/usr/local/lucene-2.3.2
修改变量
CLASSPATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/lib/dt.jar:${JAVA_HOME}/lib/tools.jar:${LUCENE_HOME}/lucene-core-2.3.2.jar:${LUCENE_HOME}/lucene-demos-2.3.2.jar

#source /etc/profile

生成索引

[[email protected] ~]# cd ./src/demo

[[email protected] demo]# java org.apache.lucene.demo.IndexFiles /usr/local/lucene-2.3.2/docs
Exception in thread “main” java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/lucene/demo/IndexFiles
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.lucene.demo.IndexFiles
at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:200)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:188)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:307)
at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:301)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:252)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClassInternal(ClassLoader.java:320)
Could not find the main class: org.apache.lucene.demo.IndexFiles. Program will exit.

出现以上错误估计是CLASSPATH没写对。

搜索…,输入以下命令就会出现搜索提示符。
[[email protected] demo]# java org.apache.lucene.demo.SearchFiles

六 安装php-java bridge
php/Java bridge
What is php/Java bridge?
The php/Java bridge is an optimized, XML-based network protocol, which can be used to connect a native script engine, PHP, with a Java or ECMA 335 virtual machine. It is more than 50 times faster than local RPC via SOAP, requires less resources on the web-server side, and it is faster and more reliable than direct communication via the Java Native Interface. read more…
http://php-java-bridge.sourceforge.net

[[email protected] ~]# wget –limit-rate=15000 http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/php-java-bridge/php-java-bridge_5.2.2.tar.gz

[[email protected] php-java-bridge-5.2.2]# /opt/lampp/bin/phpize && ./configure –disable-servlet –with-java=/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_10 && make CFLAGS=”-m32″ && make install
./configure: line 2969: php-config: command not found
./configure: line 2970: php-config: command not found
configure: error: Cannot find php-config. Please use –with-php-config=PATH

缺少xampp开发包和php-config 路径设置
http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=61776&package_id=60248

[[email protected] ~]# tar -zxvf xampp-linux-devel-xxx.tar.gz

[[email protected] ~]# mv lampp/* /opt/lampp/

mv: cannot overwrite directory `/opt/lampp/lib’
mv: cannot overwrite directory `/opt/lampp/modules’
mv: cannot overwrite directory `/opt/lampp/share’

手动一个个移啦

[[email protected] php-java-bridge-5.2.2]# /opt/lampp/bin/phpize && ./configure –disable-servlet –with-php-config=/opt/lampp/bin/php-config –with-java=/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_10 && make CFLAGS=”-m32″ && make install

make[1]: *** [php/java/bridge/JavaBridgeIllegalStateException.o] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/php-java-bridge-5.2.2/server’
make: *** [/root/php-java-bridge-5.2.2/modules/stamp] Error 2
报两个错,不去理它

[[email protected] php-java-bridge-5.2.2]# cp modules/java.so /opt/lampp/modules/

vi /opt/lampp/etc/php.ini
加上
extension=”java.so”

[[email protected] php-java-bridge-5.2.2]# /opt/lampp/lampp start
Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.6.1…
PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library ‘/opt/lampp/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/java.so’ – /opt/lampp/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/java.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

[[email protected] php-java-bridge-5.2.2]# cp modules/java.so /opt/lampp/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/
[[email protected] php-java-bridge-5.2.2]# /opt/lampp/lampp start
Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.6.1…
Exception in thread “main” java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: php/java/bridge/Standalone
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: php.java.bridge.Standalone
at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:200)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:188)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:307)
at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:301)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:252)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClassInternal(ClassLoader.java:320)
Could not find the main class: php.java.bridge.Standalone. Program will exit.

不行咯,换成用tomcat
七 安装tomcat
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/setup.html
[[email protected] ~]# wget –limit-rate=20000 http://apache.mirror.phpchina.com/tomcat/tomcat-6/v6.0.16/bin/apache-tomcat-6.0.16.tar.gz
[[email protected] ~]# tar -zxvf apache-tomcat-6.0.16.tar.gz
[[email protected] ~]# mv apache-tomcat-6.0.16 /usr/local/apache-tomcat

[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/profile
export JDK_HOME=${JAVA_HOME}

export CATALINA_BASE=/usr/local/apache-tomcat
export CATALINA_HOME=/usr/local/apache-tomcat
[[email protected] ~]# source /etc/profile
[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
/usr/local/apache-tomcat/bin/startup.sh

测试
http://192.168.54.96:8080

 vi /usr/local/apache-tomcat/conf/server.xml

port=”8080″ protocol=”HTTP/1.1″
connectionTimeout=”20000″
URIEncoding=”UTF-8″#增加此行
redirectPort=”8443″>

<Host name=”localhost appBase=”webapps unpackWARs=”true autoDeploy=”true xmlValidation=”false xmlNamespaceAware=”false>

中增加以下内容,将weblucene设为根目录

  <Context path=” docBase=”/usr/local/apache-tomcat/webapps/weblucene reloadable=”true debug=”0 crossContext=”true />

server.xml默认有下面一行:

这样允许任何人只要telnet到服务器的8005端口,输入”SHUTDOWN”,然后回车,服务器立即就被关掉了。
从安全的角度上考虑,我们需要把这个shutdown指令改成一个别人不容易猜测的字符串。
例如修改如下:
,这样就只有在telnet到8006,并且输入”lizongbo”才能够关闭Tomcat.
注意:这个修改不影响shutdown.bat的执行。运行shutdown.bat一样可以关闭服务器。

参考Tomcat安全文档英文链接:http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/faq/security.html#8005
还有两个问题需要注意:
1、 对于tomcat3.1中,屏蔽目录文件自动列出的方法是什么?
缺省情况下,如果你访问tomcat下的一个web应用,那么如果你输入的是一个目录名,而且该目录下没有一个可用的welcome文件,那么tomcat会将该目录下的所有文件列出来,如果你想屏蔽这个缺省行为,那么可以修改conf/web.xml文件,将其中的:

default
org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet

debug

0

listings

true
1修改为:

default
org.apache.catalina.servlets.DefaultServlet

debug

0

listings

false
1 默认的shutdown.sh一执行就死机,用网上的代替
http://noroot.info/node/16153

# cd /usr/local/apache-tomcat/bin
# mv shutdown.sh shutdown.sh.old
# vi /usr/local/apache-tomcat/bin/shutdown.sh //创建新的shutdown.sh关闭服务脚本

<coolcode>

#!/bin/sh
TOMCAT_PID=`/bin/netstat -anp|/bin/grep :8080 |/bin/gawk ‘{print $7}’ |/bin/gawk -F [/] ‘{print $1}’`
/bin/kill -9 $TOMCAT_PID 2>/dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
echo ‘Tomcat is not running.’
else
echo “Succeed to shutdown tomcat.”
fi
</coolcode>
# chmod a+x shutdown.sh //为新建的脚本文件增加执行权限

八 apache整合

可以避免打8080
编辑apache http.conf
<virtualhost 192.168.54.96>
servername devs.c1gstudio.com

ProxyPass / balancer://cluster/
<Proxy balancer://cluster/>
BalancerMember http://192.168.54.96:8080/
</Proxy>

</virtualhost>

Posted in Lucene, Tomcat, 技术.

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  1. dresses says

    有没有C#的LUNCENE安装方式,我的VC2008没有这个



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