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XEN虚拟机复制

以映像文件方式保存的虚拟机复制非常方便.
只要拷贝xen vm的img镜像文件和配置文件,并修改相应配置文就可以了

1.关闭虚拟机
xm shutdown vm1

2.复制虚拟机映像文件和配置文件
\cp /opt/vm1/vm1.img /opt/vm1/vm2.img
\cp /etc/xen/vm1 /etc/xen/vm2

3.修改虚拟机配置文件
vi /etc/xen/vm2

name = “vm1”
uuid = “85386e79-9f79-e243-9b62-3c9da736ae9f”
maxmem = 2048
memory = 2048
vcpus = 2
bootloader = “/usr/bin/pygrub”
on_poweroff = “destroy”
on_reboot = “restart”
on_crash = “restart”
disk = [ “tap:aio:/opt/vm1/vm1.img,xvda,w” ]
vif = [ “mac=00:16:36:47:a2:89,bridge=virbr0,script=vif-bridge” ]

修改name,uuid,mac保持唯一,通常将最后一位加1,修改disk路径.
修改后的配置

name = “vm2”
uuid = “85386e79-9f79-e243-9b62-3c9da736ae0f”
maxmem = 2048
memory = 2048
vcpus = 2
bootloader = “/usr/bin/pygrub”
on_poweroff = “destroy”
on_reboot = “restart”
on_crash = “restart”
disk = [ “tap:aio:/opt/vm1/vm2.img,xvda,w” ]
vif = [ “mac=00:16:36:47:a2:80,bridge=virbr0,script=vif-bridge” ]

4.启动并进入虚拟机
vm create vm2 -c

5.修改主机名
5.1 hostname vm2

5.2 vi /etc/sysconfig/network

5.3 vi /etc/hosts

6.修改网卡ip和mac,和xen配置对应
vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0
BOOTPROTO=static
BROADCAST=192.168.122.255
HWADDR=00:16:36:47:A2:80
IPADDR=192.168.122.12
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
NETWORK=192.168.122.0
ONBOOT=yes

7.重启网络,完成修改
/etc/init.d/network restart

8.测试
8.1 ctrl+]退出虚拟机
8.2启动”vm1″虚拟机
8.3测试vm1网络
ping 192.168.122.11
8.4测试vm2网络
ping 192.168.122.12
8.5测试虚拟机之间的网络
vm console vm2
ping 192.168.122.11

ps:随宿主启动及服务相关iptables不要忘记

Posted in 虚拟化/xen, 技术.

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  1. 深夜的蚊子 says

    用virt-clone 命令不是更方便一点嘛,只需要进到新的虚拟机中改个ip就行了



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